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Table 2 observed acute toxicity from preoperative radiation therapy

From: Preoperative bi-fractionated accelerated radiation therapy for combined treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer in a consectutive series of unselected patients

Type Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4
Gastrointestinal 19 9 1 (intestinal obstruction)* 1 (colovaginal fistula)**
Urogenital 15 1 - -
Haematologic 6 6 - -
Skin 7 1 - -
  1. * successful conservative treatment; ** successful en-bloc resection at the time of programmed surgery