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Table 5 long term results (mean follow up: 44 mo., r. = 18–84)

From: Preoperative bi-fractionated accelerated radiation therapy for combined treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer in a consectutive series of unselected patients

Parameter No. %
Deceased (progression of disease) 8 17.0
Primary tumour 2 25
Recurrent disease 6 75
Alive without disease 24 51.0
Alive with disease 15 31.9
Overall local recurrences 10 21.2
Pure distant metastases 13* 27.6
Urogenital toxicity – grade 3 3** 6.3
Gastrointestinal toxicity – grade 3 3*** 6.3
  1. * liver 7 cases, lung 4 cases, peritoneum and lymphnodes 2 cases
  2. ** bladder incontinence
  3. *** 1 case of radiation enteritis requiring surgery, 2 cases of anastomotic stricture requiring serial endoscopic dilatations